TÜV NORD is a well-known and well-respected technology service that stands for high standards of safety and trust by consumers. Catch Folkert Jürgens, their head of type approval in the area of mobility, at the NMW on Wednesday, 26 September, at 10.45 at the NMW FORUM for his talk on the legal framework of automated driving.
Improving the safety of the future of mobility:
TÜV NORD is researching test procedures required for the approval of automated vehicles
Automated vehicles, also known as ‘driverless cars’, promise more comfort, more efficient routing, less environmental impact and improved traffic safety via a reduction of personal injury in road traffic – as long as the technology works without failure. An adaptation of the regulations for the test and certification procedure for this technology is imperative. The Vienna World Agreement of 1968 serves as the basis for this, with road traffic regulations and conditions having been formulated by the ethics committee. These are the cornerstone of the legal framework. At the same time, the safety standards for new approval concepts regarding automated functions must be continuously developed. TÜV NORD is involved in various committees and special commissions for the German ministry of transport. Their aim is to adapt the regulations to the challenges of automated driving in such a way that a legal basis for an integrated and efficient approval procedure can be created.
To date, international valid test guidelines only exist for the first two of the five levels of automatisation, with these stages reaching the level of semi-automated driving. This includes lane keeping assistance on motorways and complex steering actions at speeds of up to 10 km/h, such as automated parking manoeuvres. At limited automated driving (Level 3), vehicles do not only perform individual manoeuvres, but can perform further driving tasks within a defined scenario, to the hands and eyes of the driver can be temporarily inactive.
The international regulation for steering functions (UN R79, Regulations of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe ) is currently being revised, so future hands-off functions, such as autonomous lane keeping and lane changing manoeuvres, will be permitted, provided that the driver can resume full control at any time. At the same time, the system has to be able to detect if the driver is available and it must be able to request that the driver takes over the steering when necessary.
Complex manoeuvres require that in future, the steering, braking, and acceleration functions, amongst others, can be analysed in their interaction. Furthermore, the sensors for the precise detection of the environment and the driving situation play an important role. Their function is safe if the environmental information is correctly censored under all weather conditions and when the actual driving condition
can be processed without loss of that information. Based on the high complexity of this development process, binding standards for level 3 functions are anticipated for 2019.